Vertigo is a complaint which often encountered in practice, is often described as a sense of spinning, feeling shaky, unstable (giddiness, unsteadiness), or dizziness; description of the complaint is important to know in order not to be confused with headache or cephalalgia, especially because among the laity, the second term (dizziness and headache) are often used interchangeably.
Vertigo comes from the Latin "vertere" which means twisted refer spinning sensation that disrupts a person's sense of balance, usually caused by disorders Benign Paroxysmal Positional balance system Vertigo (BPPV) is a disorder that is often encountered balance. This disease is an idiopathic degenerative disease often found, mostly among the young adult age and old age. BPPV also affects more women than men by a ratio of 2:1. Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is defined as vertigo with nystagmus vertical, horizontal or rotatoar are triggered by changes in head position. There is a latent period before the onset of nystagmus, reversibility, crescendo, and the phenomenon of fatigue. Duration of nystagmus is limited, generally less than 30 seconds. BPPV is also known as postural vertigo or cupulolithiasis, a disorder that is often found peripheral balance.
BPPV is the most common cause of vertigo in the United States, the prevalence is 64 out of 100,000 inhabitants. It is estimated that nearly 20% of doctor visits are coming BPPV. In Indonesia, peripheral vertigo BPPV is the most common, which is about 30%. BPPV patient age is at most over 51 years old. Rarely found in people aged less than 35 years if not preceded by a history of head trauma. Treatment of BPPV has changed in recent years. New understanding of the pathophysiology of effecting change mitigation. Thus, the identification and treatment can be done properly
Course of the disease varies from BPPV. In most cases the disorder disappears spontaneously within a few weeks, but may recur after some time, months or years later. There is also a one-time patient experience. Occasionally encountered patients who susceptibility to prolonged positional vertigo.
Vertigo attacks are generally brief, less than 1 minute. However, when asked to the patient, they estimate up to a few minutes longer. If vertigo attacks come repeatedly, this resulted in the sufferer felt his head become noticeably lighter, merarsa unstable, or the sense of floating that persist for several hours or days. BPPV is common in middle age group at the age of 40-s and 50-year. Women slightly more often than men. BPPV is rarely found in children or very old people. Nystagmus can sometimes be seen when the BPPV and usually are torsional (rotatoar).