Pathophysiology of Meningitis

         Meningitis is generally as a result of the spread of disease in the organ or other body tissues. Viral / bacterial hematogenous spread to lining of the brain, for example in disease pharyngitis, tonsillitis, pneumonia, Bronchopneumonia and endocarditis. The spread of bacteria / viruses can also be continuitatum of inflammation of the organ or tissue that is near the lining of the brain, eg, brain abscess, otitis media, mastoiditis, cavernous sinus thrombosis and Sinusitis. The spread of germs can also occur as a result of head trauma with fracture open brain surgery or complications. Invasion of germs into space Subarachnoid cause an inflammatory reaction in the pia mater and the arachnoid, CSS (liquid Cerebrospinal) and the ventricle system.


 What is Meningitis?
        Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges (brain and spinal membrane) which caused by infection. by bacteria, viruses, rickettsiae, or protozoa, which can occur acute and chronic. Meningitis is divided into two groups based on the change in the cerebrospinal fluid, namely: the serous meningitis and purulent meningitis.

Treatment and Tips for Ischialgia

Treatment for Ischialgia
namely :
1 . Drugs : analgesics, NSAIDs , muscle relaxan , medicine neurological recovery .
2 . Physical therapy Medical Rehabilitation Program
3 . Operation Discectomy : performed in the case of severe / very disturbing activities with drugs and Medical Rehabilitation program which can not help.

Pathophysiology of Ischialgia

Human vertebrae is consist of cervical, thorakal, lumbar, sacral, and coccyx. Part of vertebrae that form the lower back is the lumbar 1-5, the intervertebral disc and lumbar plexus also the sacral plexus. Lumbar plexus, exit through lumbar 1-4, which consists of iliohipogastric nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, femoral nerve, genitofemoral nerve, and the obturator nerve.

Ischialgia Classifications

Ischialgia divided into three, namely :
1 . Ischialgia, as a manifestation of primary neuritis ischiadicus
Ischialgia due to neuritis is the primary ischiadicus when ischiadicus exposed nerve inflammation process. The main signs and symptoms of primary ischiadicus neuritis is pain that is felt starting from the sacrum and hip joint area, precisely at the foramen infra piriformis or incisura ischiadica and spread throughout the trip and subsequent nerve ischiadicus peroneal and tibial nerve.

Ischialgia Etiology and Clinical Manifestations

        Ischialgia is pain felt along the leg. Judging from the sense of the word, then ischialgia is pain felt along N.ischiadicus. So ischialgia defined as pain felt along the nerve and subsequent ischiadicus along the legs. Ischialgia is a condition where the nerves Ischiadicus, which innervate butt to foot pinched area, in that case, which is pinched nerves Ischiadicus right side. This can happen due to some disease processes such as physical trauma, chemical, and electrical, infections, metabolic problems, and autoimmune. Ischialgia increase in frequency along with the many activities undertaken.
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