Medical Treatment and Therapy of the cluster headache can be divided into the treatment of acute attacks, and preventive medicine, which aims to suppress the attack. Acute and preventive treatment started simultaneously when the initial period of the cluster. Latest surgical treatment options and neuro stimulation has replaced detrimental treatment approaches.
The pathophysiology of cluster headache is still remains unclear. However, there are several theories regarding the pathophysiology of Cluster headache. One theory is that the focus of the pathophysiology of cluster headache is located in the carotid artery which stimulates intracavernous pericarotis plexus.