Clinical Symptoms of Meningitis

Meningitis is characterized by symptoms such as sudden high fever, lethargy, vomiting and seizures. The diagnosis is confirmed by examination of cerebrospinal fluid (CSS) via lumbar puncture.         Meningitis due to viruses characterized by a clear cerebrospinal fluid and pain sufferers are not too servere. Generally, meningitis caused by Mumpsvirus characterized by symptoms of anorexia and malaise, followed by parotid gland enlargement before the invasion of bacteria into the central nervous system. In meningitis caused by echovirus marked by complaints of headache, vomiting, sore throat, muscle aches, fever, and accompanied by a maculopapular rash that does not itch on the face, neck, chest, body, and extremities.
         Symptoms that appear in Coxsackie virus meningitis vesicular lesions that appear on the palate, uvula, tonsils, and tongue and in the advanced stages of a complaint arising headache, vomiting, fever, stiff neck, and back pain .

       Bacterial meningitis is usually preceded by symptoms of respiratory and gastrointestinal irritation. Bacterial meningitis in neonates occur acutely with symptoms of high fever, nausea, vomiting, breathing problems, convulsions, decreased appetite, dehydration and constipation, usually characterized by fontanella always convex. Seizures experienced by approximately 44 % of children with Haemophilus influenzae causes, 25 % by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus 21 % , and 10 % by meningococcus infection.

       In children and adults usually begins with upper respiratory tract disorders, acute illness also with symptoms of high fever, severe headache, malaise, muscle aches and back pain. Cerebrospinal fluid was blurred, cloudy or purulent.

         Tuberculosis Meningitis is composed of three stages, namely stage I or stage prodromal for 2-3 weeks with mild symptoms and symptoms of infection appear as usual. In children, the disease is subacute onset, often without fever, vomiting, decreased appetite, moody, weight loss, irritable, weepy, obstipation, disturbed sleep patterns and disturbances of consciousness in the form of apathy. In adults there are intermittent fever, headache, constipation, loss of appetite, photophobia, pain, hallucinations, and very restless.

         Stage II or stage of transition lasts for 1-3 weeks with more severe symptoms of the disease in which the patient experienced severe headache and sometimes accompanied by seizures, especially in infants and children. Signs of meningeal stimulation begins to manifest, the entire body may become rigid, there are signs of increased intracranial fontanel prominent and more severe vomiting. Terminal stage III or stage characterized by paralysis and impaired consciousness to coma. At this stage the patient may die within three weeks if not treated properly.

1 comment:

  1. lama tak mampir kesini, blog gudang ilmu tentang kesehatan, suguhan kali ini tentang clincal symptoms of mingitis ini ssaya teh cuman bisa menyimak dan mengucapkan salam sehat dan ceria selalu kang


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