HNP (Hernia Nucleus Pulposus)

Low back pain HNP medical treatment and therapy
Low Back Pain
        Waist is the back of the body, which help to support the body, from thorax to the superior and stomach. In anatomic, waist is the county, spine L-1 until all the bones of the sacrum and the surrounding muscles. Haunch has a very important function in the human body. Important functions, among others, make the body upright, movement, and protect several vital organs.

       Each spinal segment following the discus intervertebralis vertebral columns along the anatomic and physiological ones. Anterior part consisting of vertebrae and discus intervertebralis corpus serves as caretaker strong, but flexible enough and can withstand pressures according to its axis, and that stand the pressure is the nucleus pulposus.
        HNP (hernia nucleus pulposus) that exit the nucleus pulposus of the disc through the annulus fibrosus tear up out back / dorsal spinal cord suppress or depress radix point to the dorsolateral spinal causing interference. HNP is one of the many "Low Back Pain" by the degenerative process. Usually, the way medicate with drugs massage and scrub, because the fallacy that the disease is only normal muscle pain or tired because of work. Patients with this disease often complain of low back pain that spread to the limbs especially when bending activity. The majority, patients do an activity and heavy lifting are often bent.
      HNP has many synonyms, among others: intervertebralis disc hernia, rupture discus, slipped disks, and so on. HNP is one of the causes of lower back pain (LBP) which important. The prevalence range is between 1-2% of the population. Lumbar HNP most often (90%) of the discus intervetebralis L5-S1, L4-L5. NPB usually because of lumbar HNP will improve within about 6 weeks. Surgery is rarely required action except in certain circumstances.
Anatomy and Physiology
        Backbone or vertebrae are irregular bones that form the spine are easily moved. There are 33 bones in the human spine is divided into 7 cervical spine (neck), 12 thoracic spine (thoracic or chest), 5 lumbar spine, 5 combine to form a sacral bone, and 4 bones form the tailbone (coccyx).
        Backbone is composed of two parts namely the anterior body consisting of bone or corpus vertebrae, intervertebral discs (as articulation), and supported by the anterior and posterior longitudinal ligament. and the posterior part consisting of arcus vertebrae. Arcus vertebrae formed by two "legs" or Pediculus and two laminae, and supported by the protrusion or procesus procesus articularis, procesus transverse and spinous procesus. Procesus they form the so-called hole, the foramen vertebrale. When compiled backbone, it will form a channel foramen as the spinal cord or the spinal cord. Between the two backbones can be found intervertebrale gap called the foramen.
      The vertebral bones are connected to each other by ligaments and cartilage. Anterior part, of the columna vertebral corpus consists of vertebrae that are connected to each other by a fibrocartilage disc called disc invertebralis and reinforced by the anterior longitudinal ligament and posterior longitudinal ligament.
        Invertebralis compose lengthy discus columna vertebral quarter. The discs are thickest in the cervical and lumbar regions, places where there have been movements columna vertebral, and serves as a shock absorber so that the joints and spine injury in the event of trauma is not.
       Intervertebral disc consists of hyalin cartilage plate (Plate Cartilage hyalin), nucleus pulposus (gel), and the annulus fibrosus. Semi-liquid nature of the nucleus pulposus, allows it to change shape and can leverage vertebrae forward and backward over the other, as in the columna vertebral flexion and extension.
      Intervertebral discs, both annulus fibrosus and nucleus pulposus are building which not sensitive pain. Sensitive parts of which are part of pain are:

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